Seventeen hundred years of
Christian persecution of the Jews
(from the 3rd to the 20th century)
[ section-2 of the "Christian barbarity" series ]
[  http://CatholicArrogance.Org/ChurchvsJews.html ]

From the very beginning of the Christian era, there has been a kind of sibling rivalry between Christians and Jews. For many centuries, before the Christians came along, the Jews considered themselves "God's chosen people". But when the Christians emerged, the Jews had rivals for that title.
        Christians have been told from the very beginning, in the Gospels and in its sequel, "The Acts of the Apostles", that in the early years, when the Jews were the top dogs, they used their power to persecute their Christian rivals. Christians have been taught for almost 2000 years that "the Jews killed Christ". And everybody now knows how that turned out.
        At least by the fourth century, the consensus amongst scholars is that persecution by Jews of Christians has been traditionally overstated; according to James Everett Seaver,
        "Much of Christian hatred toward the Jews was based on the popular misconception... that the Jews had been the active persecutors of Christians for many centuries... The... examination of the sources for fourth century Jewish history will show that the universal, tenacious, and malicious Jewish hatred of Christianity referred to by the church fathers and countless others has no existence in historical fact. The generalizations of patristic writers in support of the accusation have been wrongly interpreted from the fourth century to the present day. That individual Jews hated and reviled the Christians there can be no doubt, but there is no evidence that the Jews as a class hated and persecuted the Christians as a class during the early years of the fourth century."
[ The Persecution of the Jews in the Roman Empire (300-428) by James Everett Seaver. University of Kansas Publications, 1952. Humanistic Studies, No. 30 ]
http://www.sullivan-county.com/news/mine/timeline.htm created by Jerry Darring. (I used an * at the end of each of the entries that come from this site of his.) When I come across additional material, I will try to note the source with a numeral reference.

Timeline : Events :
200
A. D.

From very early days, Church sermons and Christian theological writing almost invariably included passionate anti-Jewish incitement. Twenty-seven of the thirty-two surviving works of Tertullian (160-225), a priest from Carthage who is considered the first theologian of the West, contain anti-Jewish discourse.' In De Oratione, he wrote that 'though Israel may wash all its members every day, it is never clean. Its hands ... are always stained, covered forever with the blood of the prophets and of our Lord himself.' { 1p. 146 }

240
A. D.

Origen of Alexandria writes that the Jews "have committed the most abominable of crimes" in conspiring against Christ, and for that reason "the Jewish nation was driven from its country, and another people was called by God to the blessed election". *
and 'the blood of Jesus falls not only on the Jews of that time, but on all generations of Jews up to the end of the world'.{ 1p. 146 }

248
A. D.

"St. Cyprian writes that the Jews have fallen under the heavy wrath of God, because they have departed from the Lord, and have followed idols." { 1p. 146 }*

306
A. D.

The Council of Elvira decrees that Christians and Jews cannot intermarry, have sexual intercourse, or eat together.*

(306-373)

"Saint Ephraem Syrus calls the Jews the 'circumcised dogs' and 'circumcised vagabonds', and refers to Judaism as a worthless vineyard which cannot bear fruit. In his writing, Ephraem refers to God's punishment for the Jews. Because they reviled Jesus, the Lord has banished them from their land, and now they are condemned to wander over the whole face of the earth." { 1p. 146 }

325
A. D.

Conversation and fellowship with Jews is forbidden to the clergy by the Council of Nicea.*

4th century
A. D.

Christian emperors of Rome decree that Christians converting to Judaism, and Jews obstructing the conversion of other Jews to Christianity, will incur the death penalty; Jews can not marry Christians, or hold public office, or own slaves. *

(c. 331-396)

"St Gregory of Nyssa, with wanton eloquence, describes the Jews as 'slayers of the Lord, murderers of the prophets, enemies of God, haters of God, adversaries of grace, enemies of their fathers' faith, advocates of the devil, brood of vipers, slanderers, scoffers, men of darkened minds, leaven of the Pharisees, congregation of demons, sinners, wicked men, stoners, and haters of goodness' - a veritable catalogue for future anti-Semites to pick from." { 1p. 147 }

(341-420)

"Saint Jerome, Church Father and Doctor of the Church, identified all Jews with Judas, the apostle who betrayed Jesus in return for thirty pieces of silver:
"Who do you suppose are the sons of Judas? The Jews. The Jews take their name, not from Juda who was a holy man, but from the betrayer.... (What nonsense! They were call "Jews", based on their forefather, Juda, centuries before Judas was born.)
"Synagogue was divorced by the Saviour and became the wife of Judas, the betrayer." He added, "If it is expedient to hate any men and to loathe any race I have a strange dislike for those of the circumcision. For up to the present day, they persecute our Lord Jesus Christ in the synagogues of Satan." { 1p. 147 }
Jerome introduces deceit and sexual depravity as metaphors for Jewish behaviour and describes the synagogue: "if you call it a brothel, a den of vice, the devil's refuge, Satan's fortress, a place to deprave the soul, an abyss of every conceivable disaster or whatever else you will, you are still saying less than it-deserves."{ 1p. 150 }

380
A. D.

St. Ambrose calls the synagogue "a place of unbelief, a home of impiety, a refuge of insanity, damned by God Himself".*

388
A. D.

A mob of Christians, at the instigation of their bishop, looted and burned the synagogue in Callinicum, a town on the Euphrates.  The Emperor Theodosius wanted those responsible punished and the synagogue rebuilt at the expense of the bishop. But instead of supporting justice, St. Ambrose used God and the bible to insist that the Emperor NOT provide justice to the Jewish victims. { 1p. 149 }

400
A. D.

St. Augustine writes: "the Church admits and avows the Jewish people to be cursed, because after killing Christ they continue to till the ground of an earthly circumcision, an earthly Sabbath, an earthly passover, while the hidden strength or virtue of making known Christ, which this tilling contains, is not yielded to the Jews while they continue in impiety and unbelief, for it is revealed in the New Testament.  While they will not turn to God, the veil which is on their minds in reading the Old Testament is not taken away. . .  the Jewish people, like Cain, continue tilling the ground, in the carnal observance of the law, which does not yield to them its strength, because they do not perceive in it the grace of Christ".*

(347-407)

The producer of arguably the vilest early anti-Jewish sermons was Saint John Chrysostom, Bishop of Antioch and later Archbishop of Constantinople. He is considered one of the major Church Fathers and is still admired for the beauty of his sermons. Eight of these sermons, which appear as Eight Homilies Against the Jews, are, as their name suggests, violently anti-Jewish... Chrysostom is generally considered the most prominent doctor of the Greek Church and the greatest preacher ever heard in a Christian pulpit. In 1909, Pope Pius X declared him patron of preachers. Chrysostom's fanatical hatred of the Jews was clearly not considered to be detrimental.
Addressing the Jews, Chrysostom tells them that their case is lost. God has deserted them, they can forget about any possibility of atonement. Your mad rage against Christ, the Anointed One,' he tells them 'left no way for anyone to surpass your sin.'

See more complete examples of the teaching of these
very authoritative early "Fathers and Doctors of the Church", which
influenced the attitudes not only of later Catholics, but Protestants as well.

413
A. D.

A group of monks sweep through Palestine, destroying synagogues and massacring Jews at the Western Wall.*

414
A. D.

St. Cyril of Alexandria expels Jews from his city.*

425
A. D.

Jews are required by law to observe Christian feasts and fasts and to listen to sermons designed to persuade them to convert.*

442
A. D.

The synagogue in Constantinople is turned into a church.*

529-553
A. D.

The Code of the emperor Justinian decrees that in Christian Byzantine society Jews cannot read their sacred books in Hebrew in their synagogues, and the Mishnah and other rabbinic interpretations are banned.*

538
A. D.

The Third Synod of Orléans decrees that Jews cannot show themselves in the streets during Passover Week.*

591
A. D.

Pope St. Gregory the Great decrees that Jews are not to be forced into baptism "lest they return to their former superstition and die the worse for having been born again".*

600
A. D.

Pope St. Gregory the Great decrees that Jews should not have excessive freedom, but also "in no way should they suffer a violation of their rights".*

681
A. D.

The Synod of Toledo orders the burning of the Talmud and other books.*

768
A. D.

Pope Stephen IV decries ownership of hereditary estates by "the Jewish people, ever rebellious against God and derogatory of our rites".*

830
A. D.

Agobard, Archbishop of Lyons, writes anti-Jewish pamphlets in which he refers to Jews as "sons of darkness".*

937
A. D.

Pope Leo VII encourages his newly appointed archbishop of Mainz to expel all Jews who refuse to be baptized.*

1010 - 1020

In Rouen, Orléans, Limoges, Mainz, and probably also in Rome, Jews are converted by force, massacred, or expelled.*

1050
A. D.

The Synod of Narbonne decrees that Christians are not permitted to live in Jewish homes.*

1070
A. D.

Pope Alexander II warns the bishops of Spain to prevent violence against the Jews because, unlike the Saracens, they "are prepared to live in servitude".*

1078
A. D.

The Synod of Gerona decrees that Jews must pay the same taxes as Christians to support the church.*

1081
A. D.

Pope Gregory VII writes to King Alphonso of Spain telling him that if he allows Jews to be lords over Christians, he is oppressing the Church and exalting "the Synagogue of Satan".*

1084
A. D.

Rüdiger, bishop of Speyer, grants the Jews a charter allowing them to keep Christian servants and serfs, own fields and vineyards, and carry arms.*

1096
A. D.

Massacres of Jews takes place in the First Crusade, destroying entire Jewish communities in Mainz, Speyer, Worms, Cologne and other cities.  The Jewish chronicler reports: "The enemies stripped them naked and dragged them off, granting quarter to none, save those few who accepted baptism.  The number of the slain was eight hundred in these two days." The chronicler Guibert de Nogent reports that the Rouen Crusaders said: "We desire to go and fight God's enemies in the East; but we have before our eyes certain Jews, a race more inimical to God than any other".*

1182
A. D.

Jews are expelled from France, all their property is confiscated, and Christians' debts to them are cancelled with the payment of one-fifth of their value to the treasury.*

1190
A. D.

The Third Crusade, led by Richard the Lion-Heart, stirs anti-Jewish fervor and results in the mass suicide of the York Jews in Clifford's Tower on March 16.*

1198
A. D.

Jews are allowed to return to France.*

1199
A. D.

Pope Innocent III decrees that Jews are to be allowed to worship in their synagogues, they are not to be coerced into baptism, and that Jewish cemeteries are not to be mutilated.*

1215
A. D.

The Fourth Lateran Council decrees that Jews are to wear distinctive clothing, and on the three days before Easter they are not to go out in public.*

1222
A. D.

The Council of Oxford prohibits the construction of new synagogues.*

1227
A. D.

The Council of Narbonne orders Jews to wear a round patch.*

1230
A. D.

Jews in France are forbidden to lend money on interest.*

1234
A. D.

The Council of Arles orders Jews to wear a round patch.*

1235
A. D.

Thirty-four Jews are burned to death in Fulda (Germany) on a blood-libel charge.*

1246
A. D.

The Council of Béziers orders Jews to wear a round patch.*

1247
A. D.

Pope Innocent IV defends the Jews: "they are wrongly accused of partaking of the heart of a murdered child at the Passover. . .  Whenever a corpse is found somewhere, it is to the Jews that the murder is wickedly imputed.  They are persecuted on the pretext of such fables. . .   they are deprived of trial and of regular judgment; in mockery of all justice, they are stripped of their belongings, starved, imprisoned and tortured".*

1254
A. D.

The Council of Albi orders Jews to wear a round patch.*

1260
A. D.

The Council of Arles orders Jews to wear a round patch, but not when traveling.*

1267
A. D.

The Synod of Vienna decrees that Christians cannot attend Jewish ceremonies, and Jews cannot dispute with simple Christian people about the Catholic religion.*

1267
A. D.

The Synod of Breslau decrees compulsory ghettos for Jews.*

1267
A. D.

Pope Clement IV instructs the Franciscans and Dominicans to deal with the "new Christians" who had reverted to Judaism.*

1270
A. D.

St. Thomas Aquinas writes that the Jews sin more in their unbelief than do pagans because they have abandoned the way of justice "after knowing it in some way".*

1272
A. D.

Pope Gregory X defends the Jews: "It happens sometimes that Christians lose their children and that the enemies of the Jews accuse them of having kidnaped and killed these children in order to offer sacrifices with their heart and blood, and it also happens that the parents themselves, or other Christians who are enemies to the Jews, hide the children and attack the Jews, demanding of them, as ransom, a certain sum of money, on the entirely false pretext that these children had been kidnaped and killed by the Jews".*

1275
A. D.

Jews in England are forbidden to lend money on interest.*

1279
A. D.

The Synod of Ofen decrees that Christians cannot sell or rent real estate to Jews.*

1283
A. D.

Jews in France are forbidden to live in the countryside.*

1284
A. D.

The Council of Nîmes orders Jews to wear a round patch.*

1289
A. D.

The Council of Vienna orders Jews to wear a round patch.*

1290
A. D.

Jews are expelled from England and southern Italy.*

1294
A. D.

Jews in France are restricted to special quarters of the cities.*

1294
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Bern.*

1298
A. D.

The Jews of Röttingen, charged with profaning the Host, are massacred and burned down to the last one.*

1320
A. D.

The "Shepherds' Crusade." A Christian chronicler records: "The shepherds laid siege to all the Jews who had come from all sides to take refuge. . .  the Jews defended themselves heroically. . .  but their resistance served no purpose, for the shepherds slaughtered a great number of the besieged Jews by smoke and by fire. . .  The Jews, realizing that they would not escape alive, preferred to kill themselves. . .  They chose one of their number (and) this man put some five hundred of them to death, with their consent.  He then descended from the castle tower with the few Jewish children who still remained alive. . .  They killed him by quartering.  They spared the children, whom they made Catholics by baptism".*

1326
A. D.

The Council of Avignon orders Jews to wear a round patch, but not when traveling.*

1345
A. D.

King John authorizes his subjects in Liegnitz and Breslau to destroy the Jewish cemeteries in order to use the tombstones to repair the city walls.*

1347-1350
A. D.

During the Black Death, Jews are accused of poisoning wells in order to overthrow Christendom, and many thousands of Jews are killed.  Pope Clement VI defends the Jews against these charges.*

1350
A. D.

Jews are expelled from many parts of Germany.*

1367
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Hungary.*

1368
A. D.

The Council of Vabres orders Jews to wear a round patch.*

1381
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Strasbourg.*

1394
A. D.

The expulsion of Jews from France, begun in 1306, is completed with an edict promulgated on the Jewish Day of Atonement.*

1420
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Mainz by the archbishop.*

1421
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Austria.*

1424
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Fribourg and Zurich.*

c. 1425
A. D.

Pope Martin V denounces anti-Jewish preaching and forbids the forced baptism of Jewish children under the age of twelve.*

1426
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Cologne.*

1432
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Saxony.*

1434
A. D.

The Council of Basel decrees that Jews cannot obtain academic degrees.*

1435
A. D.

King Alfonso orders the Jews of Sicily to attach a round patch to their clothing and over their shops.*

1438
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Mainz by the town councilors.*

1439
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Augsburg.*

1453
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Wurzburg.*

1454
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Breslau.*

1456
A. D.

Pope Callistus III bans all social communication between Christians and Jews.*

1462
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Mainz following a conflict between two candidates for the archepiscopal seat.*

1467
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Tlemcen.*

1471
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Mainz by the archbishop.*

1475
A. D.

The entire Jewish community in Trent, northern Italy, is put to death on the allegation that it had murdered a boy for religious purposes.*

1485
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Warsaw and Cracow.*

1492
A. D.

After forcing many Jews to be baptized and then referring to them as Marranos (swine), and after an Inquisition in which some 700 Marranos were burnt at the stake for showing signs of "Jewish" taint, Spain expels all Jews from the country.*

1497
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Portugal.*

1519
A. D.

Jews are expelled from Regensburg.*

1553
A. D.

Cardinal Carafa instigates a public burning of copies of the Talmud and other Jewish religious works in a square in Rome.*

1555-1559

Pope Paul IV restricts Jews to ghettos and decrees that they are to wear distinctive headgear.*

1566-1572

Pope St. Pius V expels Jews from the Papal States, allowing some to remain in Rome's ghettos and in Ancona for commercial reasons.*

1592-1605

Pope Clement VIII includes a ban on all Jewish books in its expanded "Index of Forbidden Books".*

1826
A. D.

Pope Leo XII decrees that Jews are to be confined to ghettos and their property is to be confiscated.*

1858
A. D.

Edgardo Mortara, 6-year old son of a Jewish family in Bologna, is abducted by the papal police and brought to Rome.  He had been secretly baptized five years earlier by a domestic servant who thought he was about to die.  The parents try to get the boy back, and there is a universal outcry, but Pope Pius IX rejects all petitions submitted to him.*

1894
A. D.

The Catholic Church took an active role in the famous wrongful conviction for treason case of Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish French military officer.

1904
A. D.

In an interview with Zionist leader Theodor Hertzl, Pope St. Pius X says: "I know, it is disagreeable to see the Turks in possession of our Holy Places.  We simply have to put up with it.  But to sanction the Jewish wish to occupy these sites, that we cannot do. . .  The Jews have not recognized our Lord, therefore we cannot recognize the Jewish people. . .  If you go to Palestine and your people settle there, you will find us clergy and churches ready to baptize you all".*

1919
A. D.

Newly independent Poland passes a law making Sunday a compulsory day of rest in Poland.  The law is intended to force Jews to observe the Christian sabbath in addition to their own.*

1921
A. D.

Speaking for Pope Benedict XV, a Vatican spokesman informed representatives of the Zionist Movement that they did not wish to assist "the Jewish race, which is permeated with a revolutionary and rebellious spirit" to gain control over the Holy Land.*

1925
A. D.

At a conference of Catholic academicians in Innsbruck, Austria, Bishop Sigismund Waitz calls the Jews an "alien people" who had corrupted England, France, Italy, and especially America.*

1933
A. D.

In a series of Advent sermons, Cardinal Faulhaber of Munich defends the Old Testament against Nazi attacks but emphasizes that it is not his intention to defend contemporary Jewry, saying that a distinction has to be drawn between Jews living before and after the crucifixion of Jesus. *

centuries:

    Still another example of Catholic worship promoting hatred of the Jews at the time was the annual commemoration in Deggendorf in Catholic Bavaria of the professed miraculous appearance of "a lovely little child" from a communion wafer, which had allegedly been stolen and desecrated by the Jews of the town on 9/30/1337. On the same day, the pious Catholics of the town, acting "out of legitimate zeal pleasing to God," killed off all of the town's Jews.  Many of the 10,000 pilgrims who came to celebrate these events each year in Hitler's day could read the inscription under a picture depicting the massacre in the Catholic Church, "God grant that our fatherland be forever free from this hellish scum."   (Lewy, p. 272-72)

1933
A. D.

In a pastoral letter on January 23, Bishop Johannes Maria Gföllner of Linz, Austria, declares that while the radical anti-Semitism preached by Nazism is completely incompatible with Christianity, it is the right and duty of Christians to fight and break the harmful influences of Jewry in all areas of modern cultural life.  The Austrian episcopate condemns the letter in December for causing racial hatred and conflict.*

1933-1939

The general consensus among the Catholic papers in Poland is that Jewish influence should be reduced in all areas of life, that the Polish and Jewish communities should be separated as much as possible, and that the most desirable option is mass emigration of the Jews from Poland.  St. Maximilian Kolbe is an active promoter of antisemitic literature.*

1935-1936

The Polish Catholic Church gives full support to a government policy encouraging Jewish emigration from Poland.*

1936
A. D.

Cardinal August Hlond, the primate of Poland, issues a pastoral letter, stating: "I warn you against that ethical attitude that is fundamentally and uncompromisingly anti-Jewish.  It is contradictory to Catholic ethics.  It is permissible to love your nation more than others, but it is not permissible to hate anyone. Not even the Jews. . .  You should close yourselves to the harmful influence of Jewry. . .  But you may not attack Jews, beat them, hurt them, slander them.  In a Jew you should also respect and love a human being and your neighbor".*

1937
A. D.

Austrian bishop Alois Hudal publishes a book defending Nazi racial ideology, supporting laws preventing a flood of Jewish immigrants, and criticizing the "Jewish" press for playing off Austrians against Germans.  His book receives the support of Archbishop (later Cardinal) Theodor Innitzer of Vienna.*

1937
A. D.

: The Palestine Post reported that a large number of Jews had been attacked and beaten in riots in Memel, Shavli and Wilkomir in Lithuania. This outburst of anti-Semitism took place two years before the outbreak of World War II. This is an example of the inherent European anti-Semitism that helped to make the Holocaust possible and provided the Nazis with willing accomplices in completing the Final Solution.*

1938
A. D.

In a speech before Belgian pilgrims, Pope Pius XI denounces antisemitism and says: "Spiritually we are all Semites." His comments are reported in various newspapers but not in the Vatican's L'Osservatore Romano.*

1939
A. D.

Josef Tiso, a Catholic priest with a doctorate in theology, became president of independent Slovakia.  An extremist hater of Jews, he allied Slovakia with Nazi Germany and, with strong objections from the Vatican, deported most Slovakian Jews to their deaths in the camps.  He declared: "It is a Christian action to expel the Jews, because it is for the good of the people, which is thus getting rid of its pests." Monsignor Tiso was executed after the war as a war criminal.*

1941-1945

The "Final Solution" takes place in Nazi-occupied Europe.  This Holocaust, the killing of some six million Jews, "happened in the 'heartland' of Western Christian Europe. . .  It happened with the passive acquiescence or active collaboration of most European Christians, and no decisive protest from church leadership, Catholic or protestant" (Rosemary Radford Ruether).*

1941
A. D.

In Croatia, Bishop Ivan Saric of Sarajevo appropriates Jewish property for his own use.  His diocesan newspaper declares that "Jewish greed increases.  The Jews have led Europe and the world towards disaster, moral and economic disaster.  Their appetite grows till only domination of the whole world will satisfy it." Bishop Aksamovic of Djakovic teaches that "today it is the sacred duty of every citizen to prove his Aryan origins." Meanwhile, Archbishop Aloys Stepinac of Zagreb preaches in a sermon that "it is forbidden to exterminate Gypsies and Jews because they are said to belong to an inferior race".*

1941
A. D.

Provost Bernard Lichtenberg of Berlin's St. Hedwig Cathedral publicly declares that he will include Jews in his daily prayers.  On October 23 he is arrested and sent to Dauchau, but dies on the way.*

1941
A. D.

The German Bishops' Conference issues a pastoral letter secretly distributed and read from all pulpits.  It outlines in detail the Nazi assault on the Catholic Church, but makes no mention of the Jews.*

1941
A. D.

In Operational Situation Report USSR No. 54, the German Einsatzgruppen A reports from Kaunas, Lithuania: "The attitude of the Church regarding the Jewish question is, in general, clear. In addition, Bishop Brisgys has forbidden all clergymen to help Jews in any form whatsoever.  He rejected several Jewish delegations who approached him personally and asked for his intervention with the German authorities.  In the future he will not meet with any Jews at all".*

1942
A. D.

The French Assembly of Cardinals and Archbishops sends a letter to Marshal Pétain, head of the Vichy government, protesting against the mass arrests and cruel treatment of the French Jews.*

1942
A. D.

Protest against the persecution of Dutch Jews is read from the pulpit of all churches in Holland.*

1942
A. D.

In August and September, messages to be read out in their churches protesting the deportation of Jews from France are written by Archbishop Saliège of Toulouse, Bishop Théas of Montauban, Bishop Delay of Marseilles, Cardinal Gerlier of Lyon, Bishop Vanstenbergher of Bayonne, and Archbishop Moussaron of Albi.*

1942
A. D.

Great Britain, the Polish Government-in-exile, Brazil, the United States, and Uruguay press Pope Pius XII to condemn the Nazi treatment of Jews.  The Pope responds to this international appeal with his Christmas radio address, but does not specifically mention the Jews.*

1942-1945

Cardinal Adolf Bertram, Archbishop of Breslau and head of the German Bishops' Conference, opposes all public protest against the deportation and massacre of the Jews.  He maintains a cordial relationship with Hitler, and in May 1945 he orders requiem masses for Hitler be offered in all his parishes.*

1943
A. D.

At their annual meeting in Fulda, the German Catholic bishops debate whether to speak out about the Holocaust and confront Hitler with a direct accusation.  They decide not to do so.*

1943
A. D.

Slovakia's Catholic Bishops protest the deportation of Jews in a pastoral letter read in Latin from the pulpits.  Many priests refuse to read it or insert their own negative comments.*

1945
A. D.

Addressing the College of Cardinals after the end of the European war, Pope Pius XII speaks of the hundreds of priests and religious who died in Nazi concentration camps, but makes no mention of the Jews.*

1965
A. D.

The Second Vatican Council issues its Declaration on the Relationship of the Church to Non-Christian Religions: "True, authorities of the Jews and those who followed their lead pressed for the death of Christ; still, what happened in His passion cannot be blamed upon all the Jews then living, without distinction, nor upon the Jews of today. . .  The Jews should not be presented as repudiated or cursed by God. . .  The Church decries hatred, persecutions, displays of anti-Semitism, directed against Jews at any time and by anyone".*

1967
A. D.

The Catholic bishops in the United States establish an Office on Catholic-Jewish Relations, and promptly issues Guidelines for Catholic-Jewish Relations.*

1967
A. D.

In an interview with a Los Angeles rabbi, Cardinal Frings of Cologne, Germany, states that the Jews had been economically too powerful in the 1920s, and he doubts if six million Jews had actually been killed under Hitler.*

1974
A. D.

The Vatican Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews issues its Guidelines for Catholic-Jewish Relations: "The spiritual ties and historical relations between the Church and Judaism are enough to condemn, as contrary to the spirit of Christianity, all forms of anti-Semitism and discrimination".*

1979
A. D.

Pope John Paul II visits Auschwitz and refers to the Holocaust as "the Golgotha of our century".*

1980
A. D.

The German Bishops Conference declares: "A serious dialogue of reciprocal love and understanding must replace the 'anti-Semitism' which, to some extent, still lives on in Christians.  The spiritual bonds and historical statements that bind the Church and Judaism condemn any form of anti-Semitism as contradictory to the spirit of Christianity".*

1984
A. D.

The National Conference of Brazilian Bishops declares: "All forms of anti-Semitism must be condemned.  Every unfavorable word and expression must be erased from Christian speech.  All campaigns of physical or moral violence must cease.  The Jew must not be considered a deicide people".*

1985
A. D.

The Vatican Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews issues the document Notes on the Correct Way to Present the Jews and Judaism in Preaching and Catechesis in the Roman Catholic Church: "Our two traditions are so related that they cannot ignore each other.  Mutual knowledge must be encouraged at every level. There is evident in particular a painful ignorance of the history and traditions of Judaism, of which only negative aspects and often caricature seem to form part of the stock ideas of many Christians".*

1987
A. D.

Pope John Paul II holds a controversial Vatican meeting with Kurt Waldheim, President of Austria.  The meeting causes an international uproar because of Waldheim's reputation as a willing bureaucratic accomplice under the Nazis.*

1988
A. D.

The Pontifical Commission "Justice and Peace" issues a document on racism: "Amongst the manifestations of systematic racial distrust, specific mention must once again be made of anti-Semitism.  If anti-Semitism has been the most tragic form that racist ideology has assumed in our century, with the horrors of the Jewish 'Holocaust,' it has unfortunately not yet entirely disappeared".*

1989
A. D.

Reacting to Jewish efforts to remove a Carmelite convent established at Auschwitz, Cardinal Glemp, the Primate of Poland, says in an August homily: "Dear Jews, do not talk with us from the position of a nation raised beyond all others and do not dictate terms that are impossible to fulfill.  Don't you see, esteemed Jews, that openly opposing the Carmelite nuns hurts the feelings of all Poles and violates our hard-won sovereignty.  Your power is in the mass media, at your immediate disposal in many countries.  Do not use it to spread anti-Polonism." The convent was eventually removed..*

1993
A. D.

The Holy See establishes diplomatic relations with the State of Israel.*

1994
A. D.

Pope John Paul II hosts a concert at the Vatican to commemorate the Holocaust.  It is the first time that the Chief Rabbi of Rome is invited to co-officiate at a public function in the Vatican; the first time a Jewish cantor sings at the Vatican; the first time the Vatican choir sings a Hebrew text in performance.*

1994 - 1995

Bishops in Hungary, Germany, Poland, Netherlands, and the United States issue documents condemning antisemitism on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Holocaust.*

1997
A. D.

The French Catholic Bishops issue a Declaration of Repentance: "The end result is that the attempt to exterminate the Jewish people, instead of being perceived as a central question in human and spiritual terms, remained a secondary consideration.  In the face of so great and utter a tragedy, too many of the Church's pastors committed an offense, by their silence, against the Church itself and its mission.  Today we confess that such a silence was a sin.  In so doing, we recognize that the Church of France failed in her mission as teacher of consciences".*

1997
A. D.

The Swiss Catholic Bishops' Conference issue a document on the role of Switzerland during the Second World War: "For centuries, Christians and ecclesiastical teachings were guilty of persecuting and marginalizing Jews, thus giving rise to antisemitic sentiments. . .  It is in reference to these past acts of churches for which we proclaim ourselves culpable and ask pardon of the descendants of the victims".*

1998
A. D.

The Vatican Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews issues the document We Remember: A Reflection on the 'Shoah': "We wish to turn awareness of past sins into a firm resolve to build a new future in which there will be no more anti-Judaism among Christians or anti-Christian sentiment among Jews, but rather a shared mutual respect as befits those who adore the one Creator and Lord and have a common father in faith, Abraham" .*

1998
A. D.

The Italian Bishops address a letter to the Jewish community of Italy, expressing the "hope that the maleficent plant of antisemitism will be extinguished forever from history, beginning with our cultural and linguistic habits".*

2000
A. D.

Pope John Paul II visits Israel.  He pays tribute to the victims of the Holocaust at Yad Vashem (the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority), and he leaves the following prayer between the ancient stones of the Western Wall in Jerusalem:

"God of our fathers,
you chose Abraham and his descendants
to bring your Name to the Nations:
we are deeply saddened
by the behavior of those
who in the course of history
have caused these children of yours to suffer,
and asking your forgiveness
we wish to commit ourselves
to genuine brotherhood
with the people of the Covenant."

        For a good narrative version of this history on the www, see http://www.kanaan.org/international/israel/israel1.htm.

        Anyone who believes that Catholic anti-Semitism is a thing entirely past in Catholic culture need only visit
http://www.catholicvoice.co.uk to see how mistaken they are.
        And here's more evidence:

Troubling questions about the Society of St. Pius X

According to an article about the Society of St. Pius X:
        "SSPX Bishop Richard Williamson openly denied the Holocaust, adding that he did not believe Hitler purposefully gassed Jews to death or that any gas chambers existed.
        "Bishop Richard Williamson, a British-born convert, said in a recent interview: "I believe that the historical evidence is hugely against six million having been deliberately gassed in gas chambers as a deliberate policy of Adolf Hitler ... I believe there were no gas chambers." He was elaborating on something he said 20 years ago at Notre-dame-de-Lourdes church in Sherbrooke, Quebec: "There was not one Jew killed in the gas chambers. It was all lies, lies, lies. The Jews created the Holocaust so we would prostrate ourselves on our knees before them and approve of their new state of Israel ... Jews made up the Holocaust, Protestants get their orders from the devil, and the Vatican has sold its soul to liberalism."

( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k6C9BuXe2RM )

Bishop Williamson isn't an exception in this ultra-conservative group, he is simply it's most outspoken spokesperson when it comes to the Society's antisemitism, as this article makes clear:
Southern Poverty Center's Intelligence Report (Summer of 2009)

"It's obvious that this is an extreme right-wing group. They deny the Holocaust, are extremely negative toward homosexuals, and express a number of racist attitudes,"
        This group takes the claim seriously.that the Catholic Church to be the same one true church that it has always been It rejects practically everything the church has tried to change at least from the Second Vatican Council on.

Pope (Benedict) Reinstates Four Excommunicated Bishops

By Rachel Donadio
Published in N.Y. Times: January 24, 2009

Vatican City — Pope Benedict XVI, reaching out to the far-right of the Roman Catholic Church, revoked the excommunications of four schismatic bishops on Saturday, including one whose comments denying the Holocaust have provoked outrage."


It was almost impossible for ven the most heroic of Catholic fighters against the Nazis, as the following shows, to escape anti-semitism: of their culture.
        Zofia Kossak-Szczucka was a devout Catholic, a famous writer and one of the founders of the Zegota Organization, the Council for Aid to the Jews set up by the Polish resistance,. Her belief that (Roman Catholic) Poland was not a country where Jews should live is highly indicative of what true Polish feelings were then.
        “In an article entitled ‘Whom do we help?’ written in August 1943, Kossak-Szczucka outlined what the Polish post-War attitude toward the Jews should be: ‘Today the Jews face extermination. They are the victims of unjust murderous persecutions. I must save them. 'Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.' This commandment demands that I use all the means I have to save others, the very same means that I would use for my own salvation.
        "To be sure, after the war the situation will be different. The same laws will apply to the Jew and to me. At that point I will tell the Jew: 'I saved you, sheltered you when you were persecuted. To keep you alive I risked my own life and the lives of those who were dear to me. Now nothing threatens you. You have your own friends and in some ways you are better off than I. Now I ask that you go and settle somewhere else. I wish you luck and will be glad to help you. I am not going to hurt you, but in my own home I want to live alone. I have that right.
        “The Jews were not considered part of the fabric of Polish society. Their ancestors may have lived there for 900 or even 1,000 years, yet as they did not belong to the national majority, they remained foreigners."

[ http://www.israelnationalnews.com/Articles/Article.aspx/11164#.Tx6x-5i1nzI ]

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